Commonly used on maps, and x/y-axis plots, or no plot at all, bubble charts communicate the raw count, frequency, or proportion of some variable where the size of the bubble reflects the quantity. Color-coding bubbles can represent a further categorization of the variable being graphed. It is also possible to add another dimension by showing the movement of bubbles over time.
A concept map shows how different ideas relate to each other - sometimes this is called a mind map or a cluster map. This option can be used for the task of negotiating values and standards, and is useful for framing the evaluation. Concept Mapping can be used before, during or after implementation of a project/program/policy. It is necessarily done in a group and it requires sufficient time (the group needs to provide input individually and then meet) and specialist software.
Gantt charts allow you to plan and analyse more complex projects by giving you the ability to plan and schedule tasks, allocate resources and develop a critical pathway for project completion.
They also allow you to monitor every stage of the project to ensure it is on track and also implement remedial action if necessary.
This article from Robert Picciotto provides an overview of democratic evaluation, particularly with reference to its use in the European Union context.
This special issue of Evaluation Exchange focuses on democratic evaluation and includes discussions on equity and inclusion of a variety of community focused programs. It also covers using evaluation to promote accountability and transparency.
This issue of New Directions for Evaluation focuses on democratic evaluation with a particular emphasis on inclusive practices which emphasise participation and collaboration. The variety of articles use case studies to highlight successes and failures in attempts to democratise evaluation.
Democratic Evaluation is an approach where the aim of the evaluation is to serve the whole community. This allows people to be informed of what others are doing and sees the evaluator as someone who brokers the process. It generally focuses on inclusive practices which foster participation and collaboration. However it is also used as a means of ensuring public accountability and transparency.
The book, authored by Bob Williams and Richard Hummelbrunner, is focused on the practical use of systems ideas. It describes 19 commonly used systems approaches and outlines a range of tools that can be used to implement them.
This journal, published by Sage, is aimed at providing a platform for discussion of the ideas and debates emerging around the use of big data. BD&S is an open access, peer-reviewed publication that focuses on interdisciplinary work and the implications of big data for societies.
This blog post from Rhett A Butler for Mongabay.com outlines the use of a new tool, Global Forest Watch, which uses big data to monitor global forests on a monthly basis. Utilising Google’s computing cloud the tool is able to analyse NASA satellite data to produce interactive maps and charts that allow the user to monitor trends in deforestation and forest recovery.
- ManageMANAGE an evaluation or evaluation system
- DefineDEFINE what is to be evaluated
- Understand causesUnderstand causes
- Report & support useReport & support use
MANAGE an evaluation or evaluation system
Manage an evaluation (or a series of evaluations), including deciding who will conduct the evaluation and who will make decisions about it. Read more.
DEFINE what is to be evaluated
Develop a description (or access an existing version) of what is to be evaluated and how it understood to work. Read more.
Set the parameters of the evaluation – its purposes, key evaluation questions and the criteria and standards to be used.
Collect and retrieve data to answer descriptive questions about the activities of the project/program/ policy, the various results it has had, and the context in which it has been implemented.
Collect and analyze data to answer causal questions about what has produced outcomes and impacts that have been observed.
Combine data to form an overall assessment of the merit or worth of the intervention, or to summarize evidence across several evaluations.
Report & support use
Develop and present findings in ways that are useful for the intended users of the evaluation, and support them to make use of them.